A PyQt5 Application

import sys
import random

from plotnine import ggplot, geom_point, aes, geom_line, theme
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

from PyQt5.QtWidgets import QApplication, QPushButton, QDialog, QVBoxLayout

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from matplotlib.backends.backend_qt5agg import FigureCanvasQTAgg as FigureCanvas
from matplotlib.backends.backend_qt5agg import NavigationToolbar2QT as NavigationToolbar
from matplotlib.figure import Figure

This example applicate creates a gui windows with a canvas and a plot button which when pressed draws out a plot from random data.

dpi = 72
size_inches = (11, 8)  # size in inches (for the plot)
size_px = int(size_inches[0] * dpi), int(size_inches[1] * dpi)  # For the canvas

class Window(QDialog):
    def __init__(self, parent=None):
        super(Window, self).__init__(parent)

        self.figure = Figure()
        self.canvas = FigureCanvas(self.figure)
        self.toolbar = NavigationToolbar(self.canvas, self)

        self.button = QPushButton("Plot")


        layout = QVBoxLayout()

    def plot(self):
        # generate some 'data' to plot
        n = 100
        x = np.linspace(0, 2 * np.pi, n)
        df = pd.DataFrame(
                "x": x,
                "y1": np.random.rand(n),
                "y2": np.sin(x),
                "y3": np.cos(x) * np.sin(x),

        # change the dependent variable and color each time this method is called
        y = random.choice(["y1", "y2", "y3"])
        color = random.choice(["blue", "red", "green"])

        # specify the plot and get the figure object
        ff = (
            ggplot(df, aes("x", y))
            + geom_point(color=color)
            + geom_line()
            + theme(figure_size=size_inches, dpi=dpi)
        fig = ff.draw()

        # update to the new figure
        self.canvas.figure = fig

        # refresh canvas

        # close the figure so that we don't create too many figure instances

# To prevent random crashes when rerunning the code,
# first check if there is instance of the app before creating another.
app = QApplication.instance()
if app is None:
    app = QApplication(sys.argv)

main = Window()

The Application

PyQT5 Application

Credit: Brad Reisfeld (@breisfeld) for putting this workflow together.